Similar to the working alliance, the perceived quality of the real relationship was related to using more methods to prepare the patients to the transition (r = .18, p < .05) and perceived positive patient experience (r = .24, p < .01). Age, years of clinical experience, number of patients seen weekly before the pandemic, previous video therapy experience, and views of video therapy before the pandemic were not associated with the perceived quality of alliance or the real relationship in online sessions.
Elite worry about-question and stress
On average, therapists experienced professional self-doubt sometimes or frequently (M = 2.41, SD = .67, range: 1.11–4.78) in video therapy during the pandemic, which is higher than the level of self-doubt experienced by therapists in a prior naturalistic study of PSD (Nissen-Lie et al., 2013 ; t(136) = , p < .0001), but still on the lower end of the 5-point Likert scale. Therapists felt less competent (M = 2.28, SD = .52, range: 1.00–3.00) and less confident (M = 2.15, SD = .56, range: 1.00–3.00) about their professional skills during online compared to in-person sessions. Higher levels of reported professional self-doubt were related to several demographic variables, such as younger age (r = ?.34, p < .001), less clinical experience (r = ?.33, p < .001), and worse perceived patient experience (r = ?.36, p < .001).
Therapists’ anxiety about using video therapy was moderate (M = 2.87, S.D. = .86, range: 1.00–4.83). Similar to professional self-doubt, higher anxiety was associated with female gender (t(137) = 3.24, p < .05), younger age (r = ?.30, p < .001), less clinical experience (r = ?.36, p < .001), smaller number of patients before the pandemic (r = ?.18, p < .05), no previous experience with video therapy (t(138) = 3.63, p < .001), not being licensed yet (t(136) = 3.28, p < .001), perceiving patients as having a negative video therapy experience (r = .27, p < .001).
Overall in our sample, therapists reported somewhat positive attitudes towards video therapy (M = 3.42, SD = 0.50, range: 2.31–4.69). Although their views about video therapy had become more positive since the start of the pandemic (t(140) = 2.06, p < .05); they still thought that video therapy was somewhat less effective compared to in-person therapy (M = 2.19, SD = 0.65, range: 1.00–4.00).
Therapists who held more positive attitudes towards video therapy tended to have previous experience with video therapy (t(142) = 3.53, p < .05) and to have positive perceptions of their patients' online experience (r = .30, p < .001). Higher rated working alliance and real relationship were associated with more positive attitudes towards video therapy (r = ?.34, p < .001 and r = ?.40, p < .001, respectively) whereas professional self-doubt was associated with more negative attitudes (r = ?.34, p < .001).
The sample of therapists as a whole was undecided as to whether they would like to continue using video therapy in the future (i.e. expressed a neutral response on the UTUAT Behavior Intention subscale), with large differences among therapists (M = 3.14, SD = 1.23, range: 1.00–5.00). Therapists who intended to use video therapy in the future were more likely to have prior experience with video therapy (t(138) = 2.91, p < .01), and tended to have positive perceptions of their patients' online experience (r = .32, p < .001).
Get a hold of Desk step one to own an overview of new correlations between your standard methods. The brand new relational, professional and technical-relevant scales was indeed coordinated throughout the requested recommendations. Especially, scores on the genuine dating and dealing alliance were certainly synchronised, and you may top-notch worry about-doubt and anxiety had been definitely regarding each other however, adversely towards said operating alliance and genuine relationship, showing one to practitioners having low levels out of elite mind-doubt and you will stress stated a more powerful operating alliance and you can real relationship with regards to online customers into the pandemic. The newest perceptions on and purpose to make use of videos medication about coming was indeed undoubtedly from the product reviews of performing alliance, and you may actual matchmaking, and adversely about professional notice-question and you may anxiety (get a hold of Desk 1).
In today’s mix-sectional survey analysis, i lined up to understand more about therapists’ event off video clips treatment after switching of in-individual videos coaching in pandemic. More specifically, we looked at: 1) Therapist attitudes of healing matchmaking (operating alliance and genuine matchmaking) inside the videos sessions compared to the earlier inside-person procedures; 2) Therapist confidence into the professional competence (top-notch mind-doubt) and you will knowledgeable anxiety about providing clips medication; 3) Therapist perceptions to your video cures technical overall, also plans to continue using films medication about future.
With the introduce shot, the inner structure imagine is actually Cronbach’s ? = .86. To evaluate the experienced improvement in the real matchmaking just like the change to videos cures, the second product are extra: “Compared to the within the-individual training, within my on line lessons the newest therapeutic dating noticed … ” are responded on a good three-section Likert scale (1 = more genuine compared to-individual, 2 = the same, 3 = shorter real compared to-person).
Women reported higher working alliance in online sessions compared to men (t(137) = 2.18, p < .05), licensed practitioners reported higher alliance score than trainees (t(136) = 2.33, p < .05), and practitioners in North America (USA and Canada) compared to those in Europe (t(137) = 2.08, p < .05). Within the sample, higher online alliance was also reported by those who used a greater variety of methods (as opposed to fewer methods) to prepare patients for the transition (r = .26, p < .01), and those who perceived their patients' experience with video therapy more positively (as opposed to less positively) (r = .32, p < .001).